As violence intensifies across large areas of Afghanistan, civilians are at risk of being caught up in fighting between warring parties.
Civilian casualties reached record levels in the first half of 2021. Unless steps are taken to de-escalate the violence, Afghanistan will see its highest ever number of such casualties in a single year.
Some 360,000 people in Afghanistan have been uprooted from their homes by conflict since January, and an additional 30,000 are reportedly fleeing the country each day. (Accurate and up-to-date figures are unavailable as many aid workers in the most intense areas of fighting have also been displaced.) Afghanistan has already produced the second-largest displaced population in the world, after Syria, and this number is expected to rise exponentially.
“The latest violence should be cause for great alarm,” says Vicki Aken, Afghanistan director for the International Rescue Committee (IRC). "Hundreds of thousands of people have already been internally displaced due to conflict as well as drought.”
“We are on pace for record civilian deaths and injuries, with the majority being women and children. Schools are closed, food shortages abound, and people are turning to desperate measures such as child labor and early marriage for girls.”
Eighteen million people in Afghanistan are in dire need of humanitarian assistance—a situation that is only worsening as the conflict intensifies. The crisis ranks second on the IRC’s 2021 Emergency Watchlist, a global list of humanitarian crises that are expected to deteriorate the most over the coming year.
“Humanitarian organisations like the IRC are committed to remaining in Afghanistan and continuing to deliver support to its population,” says Aken. “It is vital that world leaders do the same.”
What needs to be done to help Afghans?
World leaders must ensure aid organisations have access to deliver lifesaving support to people who need it. They must advocate for an immediate ceasefire and support a peaceful settlement to the conflict.
“Afghanistan needs sustained aid and diplomatic support from both Western and regional powers,” says Aken. "Without this, there is little chance that needs will be met and peace will be found.”
In addition, these leaders must welcome Afghan refugees to resettle in their countries for a chance to rebuild their lives.
How is the IRC helping Afghans?
The IRC has been working in Afghanistan since 1988. With over 1,700 staff and volunteers, we reach more than a million Afghans each year with education, protection, water and sanitation, emergency response, and economic recovery services.
The IRC is also helping to welcome Afghan SIV applicants arriving in the U.S., providing medical care and other services as they prepare for resettlement by a sponsoring agency.
How can I help?