As peace deals were brokered then broken, the nearly six-year-long conflict in Syria only intensified in 2016. In the past year the number of Syrians living under siege doubled to 1 million. Each month 30,000 people were wounded by fighting. And each day as many as 6,000 fled their homes.
More than 11 million people remain uprooted. But in the face of ongoing violence — and the anti-refugee agendas pushed by some politicians — resilient Syrians are enduring the unimaginable and generous communities are taking them in.
Here are 10 moments from 2016 (in no particular order) that give us a glimpse of the best of humanity:
1. A small boy brought smiles to a refugee camp
Just a newborn when he left Syria, Muhammed Ali, 4, is waiting with his mum in Greece to be reunited with his father. His love of dancing brings joy to all around him. Meet Muhammed Ali
2. Doctors braved the worst of war to provide care
A dedicated team of physicians and volunteers has been working tirelessly to save the sick and wounded and provide food in besieged and hard-to-reach areas of Syria. Meet Dr. Manal Faham
3. A violinist played a message of tolerance
Violinist Mariela Shaker, who fled war-torn Aleppo as a college student, has become a voice for refugees who uses the healing power of music to help bring people together. Meet Mariela
4. A beloved pet accompanied his family to safety
Saved from a bombed-out house as a kitten, Tabboush ("Chubby") stayed with his adopted family when they fled Syria. He's a comfort to them in their Greek refugee camp. Meet Tabboush
5. A champion refugee competed in the Olympics
Syrian swimmer Yusra Mardini helped other refugees to safety in Greece after their overcrowded boat took on water. Later, she inspired millions by competing in the 2016 Summer Olympics. Meet Yusra
6. A future pilot learned how to fly
Marwa dreamed of flying a plane, but the war kept her out of school for five years. Then an aviation academy in Jordan gave the 17 year old a chance to earn her wings. Meet Marwa
7. A nine-year-old refugee documented his world
Maher discovered his love for photography when he was given a camera to take pictures of his friends in the makeshift camp for Syrian refugees where he lives in Lebanon. Meet Maher
8. Mothers started a high school for their girls
Syrian mothers living in the Arbat refugee camp in Iraq wouldn’t sit by as their daughters lost their chance for an education to funding cuts. Instead, they took action. Meet Nadia and Kabira
9. A man discovered his passion for invention
A long walk to his volunteer job in a refugee camp in Jordan inspired Yousef Al-Masri to build ingenious bikes and pedal-powered "cars" from scrap and spare parts. Meet Yousef
10. Families started new lives in Europe, America and beyond
Despite the hateful rhetoric promoted by some politicians, refugee families are receiving the warmest of welcomes in communities where they've resettled. Meet Khaled in Sweden, Zakharia and Nizar in Germany and the Jouriyeh family in California.
How the International Rescue Committee helps
The IRC is the only international aid organisation working on all fronts of the Syria crisis. We're helping millions of Syrians inside Syria, in neighbouring countries in the Middle East, and in Europe. The IRC also has 29 offices across the United States and has resettled hundreds of Syrian refugees who have been accepted into the U.S.